这是Tycho I/239,I/250,I/259的英文摘要: ----- Tycho I/239星表 ------------------------------------------------------------ I/239 The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues (ESA 1997) Description: The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues are the primary products of the European Space Agency's astrometric mission, Hipparcos. The satellite, which operated for four years, returned high quality scientific data from November 1989 to March 1993. Each of the catalogues contains a large quantity of very high quality astrometric and photometric data. In addition there are associated annexes featuring variability and double/multiple star data, and solar system astrometric and photometric measurements. In the case of the Hipparcos Catalogue, the principal parts are provided in both printed and machine-readable form (on CDROM). In the case of the Tycho Catalogue, results are provided in machine-readable form only (on CDROM). Although in general only the final reduced and calibrated astrometric and photometric data are provided, some auxiliary files containing results from intermediate stages of the data processing, of relevance for the more-specialised user, have also been retained for publication. (Some, but not all, data files are available from the Centre de Donnees astronomiques de Strasbourg.) The global data analysis tasks, proceeding from nearly 1000 Gbit of raw satellite data to the final catalogues, was a lengthy and complex process, and was undertaken by the NDAC and FAST Consortia, together responsible for the production of the Hipparcos Catalogue, and the Tycho Consortium, responsible for the production of the Tycho Catalogue. A fourth scientific consortium, the INCA Consortium, was responsible for the construction of the Hipparcos observing programme, compiling the best-available data for the selected stars before launch into the Hipparcos Input Catalogue. The production of the Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues marks the formal end of the involvement in the mission by the European Space Agency and the four scientific consortia. ----- TRC I/250 星表 ------------------------------------------------------- I/250 The Tycho Reference Catalogue (Hog+ 1998) Abstract: The Tycho Reference Catalogue (TRC) contains high-quality positions and proper motions for 990182 stars of the Tycho Catalogue. The proper motions were derived from Tycho positions and Astrographic Catalogue positions reduced to the Hipparcos system. The median accuracy of the TRC position components is 40 mas at J1991.25. The median accuracy of the proper motion is about 2.5 mas/yr. Systematic errors are less than about 1.0 mas(/yr). The quality of the proper motions in TRC is assessed by comparison with the Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues. Comparison with the recent ACT Catalogue which is based on an independent reduction of the same observations as used for constructing the TRC is reported. ------ Tycho2 I/259 星表 ------------------------------------------------------ I/259 The Tycho-2 Catalogue (Hog+ 2000) Abstract: The Tycho-2 Catalogue is an astrometric reference catalogue containing positions and proper motions as well as two-colour photometric data for the 2.5 million brightest stars in the sky. The Tycho-2 positions and magnitudes are based on precisely the same observations as the original Tycho Catalogue (hereafter Tycho-1; see Cat. <I/239>)) collected by the star mapper of the ESA Hipparcos satellite, but Tycho-2 is much bigger and slightly more precise, owing to a more advanced reduction technique. Components of double stars with separations down to 0.8 arcsec are included. Proper motions precise to about 2.5 mas/yr are given as derived from a comparison with the Astrographic Catalogue and 143 other ground-based astrometric catalogues, all reduced to the Hipparcos celestial coordinate system. Tycho-2 supersedes in most applications Tycho-1, as well as the ACT (Cat. <I/246>) and TRC (Cat. <I/250>) catalogues based on Tycho-1. Supplement-1 lists stars from the Hipparcos and Tycho-1 Catalogues which are not in Tycho-2. Supplement-2 lists 1146 Tycho-1 stars which are probably either false or heavily disturbed. For more information, please consult the Tycho-2 home page: http://www.astro.ku.dk/~erik/Tycho-2 Catalogue Characteristics: The principal characteristics of the Tycho-2 Catalogue are summarized below. By means of proper motions the positions are transferred to the year 2000.0, the epoch of the catalogue. The median values of internal standard errors are given. ------------------------------------------------------------ Mean satellite observation epoch ~J1991.5 Epoch of the Tycho-2 Catalogue J2000.0 Reference system ICRS coincidence with ICRS (1) +/-0.6 mas deviation from inertial (1) +/-0.25 mas/yr Number of entries 2,539,913 Astrometric standard errors (2) V_T_ < 9 mag 7 mas all stars, positions 60 mas all stars, proper motions 2.5 mas/yr Photometric std. errors (3) on V_T_ V_T_ < 9 mag 0.013 mag all stars 0.10 mag Star density b= 0 deg 150 stars/sq.deg. b= +/-30 deg 50 stars/sq.deg. b= +/-90 deg 25 stars/sq.deg. Completeness to 90 per cent V ~ 11.5 mag Completeness to 99 per cent V ~ 11.0 mag Number of Tycho observations ~300 10^6^ ------------------------------------------------------------ Note (1): about all 3 axes Note (2): ratio of external to internal standard errors is ~1.0 for positions and for proper motions. Systematic errors are less than 1 mas and 0.5 mas/yr Note (3): ratio of photometric external to internal standard errors at V_T_ > 9 mag is below 1.5 ------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
 
 

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